What is the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) ?
The result of each review is reflected in an “outcome report” listing the recommendations made to the State under review (SuR) including those that it accepted and which it will have to implement before the next review.
The UPR is a full-circle process comprising three key stages:
- Review of the human rights situation of the SuR
- Implementation between two reviews (4 years) of the recommendations accepted and voluntary pledges and commitments by the SuR
- Reporting at the next review on the implementation of those recommendations and pledges and on the human rights situation in the country since the previous review.
India was part of the first series of States whose UPR was conducted by the Human Rights Council in April 2008. Following India’s first UPR, the Government of India (GoI) had accepted 18 recommendations made by governments at the UN Human Rights Council. WGHR has prepared a chart with an assessment of the implementation of those recommendations. At the second cycle of India’s UPR on 24 May 2012, the implementation of these recommendations as well as new developments in the human rights scenario from 2008 onwards was assessed.
To view most important documents on India’s first UPR and other useful UN documents visit the Resources page.
In the run- up to India’s second UPR, WGHR coordinated the drafting of a joint “stakeholders’ report” which addressed some of the most pressing human rights issues in India today. In order for the report to reflect the current human rights challenges in the country as precisely as possible, WGHR and its regional partners held a series of five regional consultations with civil society actors across India between 28 August and 28 September 2011. Click here to see the map of UPR consultations organized by WGHR. These regional consultations were followed by a national consultation on 11 – 12 October 2011, which, brought together representatives from all five regional consultations and looked at common patterns of human rights violations across regions. The pooled information collected both at the regional and national consultations fed into WGHR’s stakeholders’ report that was submitted to OHCHR on 28 November 2011.
Ahead of India’s UPR in May 2012, WGHR also prepared a status report on human rights in India specifically as a resource document for India’s UPR by adding information to the stakeholders’ report. The report has case studies on important human rights themes and also has an updated chart on UPR I recommendations as an annexure.